Prosecuted by environmental protection organizations for approval of the use of fluramide nitrile EPA insists that the product is extremely risky for pollinating insects
Recently, an environmental organization is suing the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the grounds that the EPA has decided to expand the use of the pesticide, fluramide, which is considered to be toxic to bees.
The EPA said in July that it would restore all the banned use of flunisan in the Obama administration and allow it to be used in crops that have never used this pesticide before. Farmers are allowed to re-use flubendiamide on citrus, cotton and pumpkin, and they can be used for the first time in alfalfa, corn, cocoa, cereals and pineapples.
In previous papers, EPA said that flonicamidin was "very toxic" to bees, and a study published last year in Nature found that flonicamidin inhibited the reproduction of bumblebees. The Biodiversity Center filed a lawsuit in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals stating that EPA did not collect “substantive evidence” as required by law before approving the broad new use of flonicamid. The center also stated that the EPA has not consulted with other agencies to ensure that the new regulations will not harm endangered species. Lori Ann Burd, director of the Biodiversity Center's Environmental Health Program, said in a statement: "The EPA under the Trump administration seems to measure success through the profit of the pesticide company, but allows the number of bees that are often found in bees. Spraying poisons that kill bees on millions of acres of crops is stupid. Trump is being called for by the world’s leading scientists and many countries calling for the elimination of harmful, bee-killing pesticides such as fludamycin The team is eager to promote the use of this pesticide, which is simply disgusting. This pesticide not only harms bees and butterflies, but also damages plants that rely on them for pollination."
Burd said pesticides like fluramide are dangerous for bees because they attack the bees' nervous system, causing them to lose their direction and loss of appetite. Burd previously told The Hill website that "these pesticides also have an adverse effect on predatory insects... cognitive loss causes such insects to lose their way and die in the field."
The EPA declined to comment on the lawsuit and stated that after repeated requests from the states to allow the use of such pesticides on certain crops, the EPA considered it necessary to reconsider the use of flonicamid. EPA believes that flonicamid is safer than alternatives. The EPA said that the economic dilemma of farmers is a factor in making this decision. The agency said that if growers cannot use the pesticide, their net income loss will be as high as 50%. According to the EPA, the pesticide is “good for growers and has sufficient scientific evidence to show that it is extremely risky for pollinators.” When the decision was announced to reporters by phone in July, a senior EPA official emphasized the agency’s research. The effect of this pesticide on bees and the impact on pollinators was considered when making this decision. “In order to reduce the risk of honeybee exposure to pesticides, the product label will label specific crop-specific constraints and important pollinator protection statements,” said the official, including the distance from the flower when the flonicamid is sprayed. In some cases, farmers are not allowed to spray flunicarbamide within three days of flowering, but bee experts say pesticides will remain in the soil and harm bees.
But it is difficult to monitor whether these regulations can protect bees as envisaged. Just before the EPA made a decision on fluniguanamine, the US Department of Agriculture announced that it would suspend only one of the few government data sets that monitor the number and loss of bees.
The lawsuit is not the first lawsuit against this pesticide.
Bees play a key role in the production of nearly one-third of the crops in the United States and have driven the commercial bee industry. Flunimidazole was temporarily banned after the beekeeper filed a lawsuit in 2015. The lawsuit also prompted EPA to revise the directive on pesticide use in 2016 to reduce damage to bees.
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